Pacemaker Identification Codes

A reference for understanding pacemaker identification codes.

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Layers of the Heart, Pericarditis, and Endocarditis

The pericardium is a double-walled sac enclosing the heart. The parietal pericardium (outer wall) has a tough, superficial fibrous layer of dense irregular connective tissue and a thin serous layer. The serous layer turns inward at the base of the heart to form the visceral pericardium. The pericardial sac is anchored by ligaments to the […]